While from the fact that x is heard, it follows that x is audible, it does not follow from that fact that x is desired that x is desirable in the sense necessary for the argument. University of Illinois Press, But Nietzsche is just as invested in the first-order evaluative point that what makes a life admirable includes its aesthetic features.
Nietzsche thought it was the job of philosophers to create such values BGEso readers have long and rightly expected to find an account of value creation in his works. Nevertheless, with this bit of moral psychology, a debate exists among commentators concerning whether Nietzsche intends to make dubious morality per se or whether he merely endeavors to expose those life-denying ways of moralizing inherited from the beginning of Western thought.
Nietzsche's attack, then, conforms to the model sketched above: Only we have created the world that concerns man! Pity makes suffering contagious. Such a faith, however, is the highest of all possible faiths: Just as we cannot get the full picture of what an elephant is like simply by looking at its leg or looking at its tail or looking at its trunk, we cannot get a reasonable picture of any truth unless we look at it from multiple perspectives.
For him, however, human beings remain valuing creatures in the last analysis. While much remains controversial, it is helpful to think of drives as dispositions toward general patterns of activity; they aim at activity of the relevant sort e.
All beginnings and ends, for Nietzsche, are thus lost in a flood of indeterminacy. P To show that something is desirable i. Endorsing things under some illusory Panglossian description is not affirmation, but self-delusion.
Indeed, many sections build up to an aphorism, which enters only as a proper part included within the section, perhaps serving as its culmination or a kind of summative conclusion rather than experiment.
If we had not welcomed the arts and invented this kind of cult of the untrue, then the realization of general untruth and mendaciousness that now comes to us through science—the realization that delusion and error are conditions of human knowledge and sensation—would be utterly unbearable.
Taking this approach, however, risks confusing aspects of the Nietzsche legend with what is important in his philosophical work, and many commentators are rightly skeptical of readings derived primarily from biographical anecdotes.
GS 78,connect value creation to artistic creation, suggesting that Nietzsche took artistic creation and aesthetic value as an important paradigm or metaphor for his account of values and value creation more generally.
Thus, Nietzsche argues, we are faced with a difficult, long term restoration project in which the most cherished aspects of our way of life must be ruthlessly investigated, dismantled, and then reconstructed in healthier form—all while we continue somehow to sail the ship of our common ethical life on the high seas.
In other words, each passing moment is not fleeting but rather echoes for all eternity. From that standpoint, the moralist can perfectly well allow that ascetic valuation is self-punishing and even destructive for the moral agent, but such conclusions are entirely consistent with—indeed, they seem like warranted responses to—the pessimistic evaluation.
Nietzsche had a brilliant school and university career, culminating in May when he was called to a chair in classical philology at Basel. Life itself is to my mind the instinct for growth, for durability, for an accumulation of forces, for power: What is wrong with these views, according to Nietzsche, is that they negate our life, instead of affirming it.
It is commonplace to say that at one time Nietzsche looked to Wagner with the admiration of a dutiful son.Friedrich Nietzsche (—) Nietzsche was a German philosopher, essayist, and cultural critic.
His writings on truth, morality, language, aesthetics, cultural theory, history, nihilism, power, consciousness, and the meaning of existence have exerted an enormous influence on Western philosophy and intellectual history. Nietzsche spoke of "the death. What is a simple explanation of Nietzsche's ideas and philosophy?
Update Cancel. ad by The Great Courses Plus. Nietzsche was at his non-functioning state by then and the editing and authoring was probably done by his sister, Elisabeth Nietzsche, a proto-Nazi.
Nietzsche Contra Wagner. Friedrich Nietzsche was a 19th-century German philosopher and held in regard amongst the greatest philosophers of the early part century. He sharpened his philosophical skills through reading the works of the earlier philosophers of the 18th century such as Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill, Arthur Schopenhauer and African Spir; however, their works and beliefs were opposite to his own.
Nietzsche And His Influence On Hitler Philosophy Essay. Print Reference this. His philosophies were greatly misinterpreted and omitted by Hitler, they had opposing ideologies in anti Semitism, his views on race were different and their philosophy on power and Religion.
Hitler had take Fredrick Nietzsche and formulated his own. Throughout his works, Nietzsche writes about possible great human beings or "higher types" who serve as an example of people who would follow his philosophical ideas.
These ideal human beings Nietzsche calls by terms such as "the philosopher of the future", "the free spirit". Description and explanation of the major themes of Friedrich Nietzsche (–).
This accessible literary criticism is perfect for anyone faced with Friedrich Nietzsche (–) essays, papers, tests, exams, or for anyone who needs to create a Friedrich Nietzsche (–) lesson plan.Download